一道三空题的解释

题目

But they pay little attention to the opposite and more treacherous failing: false certainty, refusing to confess their mistakes and implicitly claiming (i) , thereby embarrassing the nation and undermining the Constitution, which established various mechanisms of self-correction on the premise that even the wisest men are sometimes wrong and need, precisely when they find it most (ii) , the benefit of (iii) process.

BLANK i BLANK ii BLANK iii
(A) infallibility (D) discomfiting (G) an adaptable
—-
(B) immunity (E) expedient (H) a remedial
—-
(C) impartiality (F) imminent (I) an injudicious
—-

{: rules=”groups”}

解析

首先整个句子的结构是这样的,冒号和 which 是两个分割点,冒号表示前后句子句意重复,后面解释前面;which 定从修饰前面的 Constitution (宪法)。


第一空填入一个名词,作为 claiming 的宾语。同时 and 并列 refusing to confess their mistakes 和 implicitly claiming (i), 作为 confess 的宾语。后面的 thereby 一直到 which 是这些 mistakes 的结果。
拒绝承认错误 = 声明自己没有错误。所以第一空填入一个不是错误的词。infallibility 无错误的,immunity 免疫力,impartiality 公正的。选 A.


第二空和第三空是 which 从句中的句子。

which established various mechanisms of self-correction on the premise that even the wisest men are sometimes wrong and need, precisely when they find it most (ii), the benefit of (iii) process.

that 同位语从句,就是 premise (前提)的内容。

第二空所在的部分是个插入语,去掉插入语部分先看第三空:

which established various mechanisms of self-correction on the premise that even the wisest men are sometimes wrong and need the benefit of (iii) process.

mechanisms = process

self-correction = (iii)

所以第三空填入一个和 self-correction 相对应的词。adaptable 可适应的,remedial 挽救性的,injudicious 不明智的。选 H.


再来看第二空。

precisely when they find it most (ii)

they 指代 wisest men, 与句首的 they 和 their mistakes 的 their 指代的人重复。when 前面的 wrong 显然与前面的 mistakes 重复。所以 when 从句的内容就应该体现 thereby 后面的内容。

they = wisest men

it = wrong = mistakes

(ii) = embarrassing / undermining

discomfiting 尴尬的,expedient 权宜的,imminent 迫近的。选 D.


答案 ADH.

翻译:
但是他们对相反的且更背信弃义的那种失败却极少关注:即使是错的,他们也拒绝承认错误,并且隐晦地表示自己是没错的。这种行为因此使得国家蒙羞并削弱了宪法,而宪法,基于即使是最聪明的人有时——精确地讲,当他们发现这些错误非常尴尬的时候——也会犯错并且需要挽救性的过程带来的好处这一假设,建立了一些列的自我纠正机制。

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